In genere, si tratta di composizioni ottenute con materiale d'uso quotidiano ma abbastanza costoso: perle di bigiotteria , nastri di raso, canutiglia fili dorati , portasemi di faggio, pignette, ecc.
Lo stile Biedermeier ebbe seguito anche in pittura, che annovera fra i suoi seguaci anche i pittori Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller , Peter Fendi e Josef Danhauser.
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. II, pp. Altri progetti Wikimedia Commons. Portale Arte. Portale Germania. Portale Storia.
Biedermeier style , in art, transitional period between Neoclassicism and Romanticism as it was interpreted by the bourgeoisie , particularly in Germany, Austria, northern Italy, and the Scandinavian countries.
Following the Napoleonic sieges, the Biedermeier style grew during a period of economic impoverishment from to Such comfort emphasized family life and private activities, especially letter writing giving prominence to the secretary desk and the pursuit of hobbies.
No Biedermeier household was complete without a piano as an indispensable part of the popularized soiree. Biedermeier furniture derives essentially from the Empire and Directoire styles; while plump and naively grotesque at its worst, it did often reach remarkable simplicity, sophistication, and functionality.
Stylistically, Biedermeier furniture softened the rigidity of the Empire style and added weight to Directoire; it made the elevation of Empire realistic and the delicacy of Directoire durable.
While Empire was grandiose and usually of dark woods with ormolu mounts, Biedermeier—identifying more closely with Directoire in this sense—was executed in light, native woods and avoided the use of metal ornamentation.
Surfaces were modulated with natural grains, knotholes, or ebonized accents for contrast; though modest, inlay was occasionally used.
An identifying feature of Biedermeier furniture is its extremely restrained geometric appearance. In general, the Biedermeier style offered visual evidence of the conflict of ideas between Classicism and Romanticism that continued during the first half of the 19th century.
With time the Biedermeier style was romanticized: straight lines became curved and serpentine; simple surfaces became more and more embellished beyond the natural materials; humanistic form became more fantastic; and textures became experimental.
Yet the original focus on lightness, utilitarianism , and individuality characterized a revival of the Biedermeier style during the mids.
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This revival period lasted up until the Art Deco style was taken up. Biedermeier also influenced the various Bauhaus styles through their truth in material philosophy.
The original Biedermeier period changed with the political unrests of — its end date. With the revolutions in European historicism , furniture of the later years of the period took on a distinct Wilhelminian or Victorian style.
The term Biedermeier is also used to refer to a style of clocks made in Vienna in the early 19th century. Biedermeier architecture was marked by simplicity and elegance, exemplified by the paintings of Jakob Alt and Carl Spitzweg.
Through the unity of simplicity and functionality, the Biedermeier neoclassical architecture created tendencies of crucial influence for the Jugendstil  , Bauhaus , and 20th century architecture.
Austrian paintings during this era were characterized by the commitment to portray a sentimental and pious view of the world in a realistic way.
Biedermeier themes reinforced feelings of security, Gemütlichkeit , traditional pieties, and simplicity, eschewing political and social commentary during the epoch.
Regarding the theme, the technique was seen not only as a narrative medium to tell the past in anecdotal vignettes, but also to represent the present.
This formed an aesthetic unity most evidenced in the portraits e. The biggest collection of Viennese Biedermeier paintings in the world is currently hosted by the Belvedere Palace Museum in Vienna.
The period also saw the development of Danish architecture in the Neoclassical style. Biedermeier in music was most evident in the numerous publications for in-home music making.
Published arrangements of operatic excerpts, German Lieder , and some symphonic works that could be performed at the piano without professional musical training, illustrated the broadened reach of music in this period.
The Biedermeier period coincided with the Czech National Revival movement in the Czech-speaking areas.
Landscapes, still lifes, courtyards, family scenes, and portraits were very popular. Biedermeier was also reflected in the applied arts: glass and porcelain, fashion, jewellery, and furniture.
Terms like Bionade-Biedermeier  or Generation Biedermeier have been coined to describe parallels between the historical Biedermeier and the German present.
The underlying allusion is being used as well in related wordings like Bionade-Bourgeoisie. The Shell Jugendstudie used the term Generation Biedermeier for the mainstream of the younger generation in Security and private happiness then was more important than political engagement.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 27 June Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on 29 April Zeit Online.
Retrieved 26 September Retrieved 27 September Historicism and Revivalism in architecture and decorative arts. Mycenaean Revival.
Stile umbertino. Traditionalist School. Dragon style National Romantic style. Zakopane Style. Serbo-Byzantine Revival.
Western art movements. Egyptian Greek Etruscan Roman. Rocaille Rococo Neoclassicism Romanticism.
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